欢迎来到站长教程网!
兔子CDN

ASP编程

当前位置:主页 > 网络编程 > ASP编程 >

javascript asp教程第九课--cookies

时间:2020-09-16|栏目:ASP编程|点击:

Response Cookies in General:

We'll start with the Response Cookies collection. I don't think it could be any easier. You simply put the name of the cookie in the argument. The corresponding value is a string. The only time it gets complicated is when you use keys (which I demonstrate below).

<%@LANGUAGE="JavaScript"%>
<%
var Tomorrow=new Date()
Tomorrow.setDate(Tomorrow.getDate() + 1)
myExpire = (Tomorrow.getMonth() + 1) + "/" + Tomorrow.getDate() 
myExpire += "/" + Tomorrow.getFullYear()

Response.Cookies("firstCookie") = "I like cookies."
Response.Cookies("firstCookie").Expires=myExpire

Response.Cookies("secondCookie") = "ASP Cookies Are Easy."
Response.Cookies("secondCookie").Expires=myExpire

Response.Cookies("thirdCookie")("firstKey")="Here's the first Key."
Response.Cookies("thirdCookie")("secondKey")="Here's the second Key."
Response.Cookies("thirdCookie").Expires=myExpire
%>

<HTML>
We're just setting <%=Response.Cookies.Count%> cookies.<BR>
<A HREF="script09a.asp">Click Here</A> to retrieve these cookies.
</HTML>

Click Here to run the script in a new window.

Setting a cookie with ASP is pretty simple. The format is Response.Cookies("name")="value". That "value" can be either a JavaScript string or an ASP native type such as Request.Form("userEmail").

Response Cookie Keys:

If on the first page of your ASP application Response.Cookies("myOnlyCookie") is set, and subsequently on page two of your application Response.Cookies("myOnlyCookie") is reassigned a second value, then only the second value will remain. The first value is lost in this circumstance.

The solution is to either use multiple cookies or to use multiple Keys in the SAME cookie.

Response.Cookies("thirdCookie")("firstKey")="Here's the first Key."
Response.Cookies("thirdCookie")("secondKey")="Here's the second Key."

The Setting of one or more Keys is pretty simple. It follows this format: Response.Cookies("name")("key")="value". Again, the "value" can either be a JavaScript string or ASP native type. The advantage of using keys is that you can store multiple Key/Value pairs inside the very same cookie.

Request Cookies:

Generally you will find ASP cookie management to be far easier than Client Side JavaScript cookies. Down below is the script that retrieves the cookies.

<%@LANGUAGE="JavaScript"%>
<%
if (Response.Cookies.Count <= 0)
	{
	Response.Redirect("script09.asp")
	}
var firstCookie = Request.Cookies("firstCookie"); 
var secondCookie = Request.Cookies("secondCookie");
var thirdCookie2Keys = Request.Cookies("thirdCookie")("firstKey") 
thirdCookie2Keys += " " + Request.Cookies("thirdCookie")("secondKey");
%>
<HTML>
There are <%=Request.Cookies.Count%> Cookies.<BR>
1) <%=firstCookie%><BR>
2) <%=secondCookie%><BR>
3) <%=thirdCookie2Keys%><BR>
<A HREF="script09b.asp">Click Here</A> to see how we would sort cookies
if we didn't know their names.
</HTML>

Click Here to run the script in a new window.

Do I even need to explain "firstCookie" and "secondCookie"? It's so easy. However, I will have to have explain the retrieval of Keys in "thirdCookie".

We retrieve cookies in almost exactly the same way that we set them, and that goes for Keys as well. If you keep track of your Key names, then retrieving their values is pretty easy.

var thirdCookieFirstKey = Request.Cookies("thirdCookie")("firstKey")

Deleting Cookies:

To delete a cookie, give it an expiration date in the past. The following is not in our examples, but it would work.

var Yesterday=new Date()
Yesterday.setDate(Yesterday.getDate() - 1)
myExpire = (Yesterday.getMonth() + 1) + "/" + Yesterday.getDate() 
myExpire += "/" + Yesterday.getFullYear()
Response.Cookies("firstCookie").Expires=myExpire

Cookie Crumbs:

What if you lose track of your cookie names? What if you lose your Keys? First of all, don't do that. But secondly, we have options.

We can use a VBScript Function with a for/each loop. We can use Javascript's new Enumerator( ) or we can use a pair of for Loops. We, however, cannot use JavaScript's for/in loop. This means we have to be creative.

<%@LANGUAGE="JavaScript"%>
<%
if (Response.Cookies.Count <= 0)
	{
	Response.Redirect("script09.asp")
	}
%>
<HTML>
<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="VBScript" RUNAT="Server">
Function forEachCookie()
dim x,y,z
for each x in Request.Cookies
	if Request.Cookies(x).HasKeys then
		for each y in Request.Cookies(x)
		z = z & x & ":" & y & "=" & Request.Cookies(x)(y) & "; "
		next
	else
		z = z & x & "=" & Request.Cookies(x) & "; "
	end if
next
forEachCookie = z
End Function
</SCRIPT>
<%
Response.Write("<STRONG>Let's use a VBScript function to ")
Response.Write("sort out the Cookies and Keys.</STRONG><BR>\r")
var longCookie = forEachCookie()
if (longCookie)
	{
	longCookie = longCookie.split("; ")
	for (i=0;i<=longCookie.length-1;i++)
		{
		Response.Write(longCookie[ i ] + "<BR>\r")
		}
	}
Response.Write("<HR>\r")

Response.Write("<STRONG>Let's use <I>new Enumerator( )</I> to ")
Response.Write("sort out the Cookies and Keys.</STRONG><BR>\r")
var myEnum = new Enumerator(Request.Cookies);
for (myEnum; !myEnum.atEnd() ; myEnum.moveNext() )
	{
	Response.Write(myEnum.item() + "=")
	n=Request.Cookies(myEnum.item()).Count
	if (n)
		{
		for (o=1;o<=n;o++)
			{
			Response.Write(Request.Cookies(myEnum.item())(o) + " ")
			}
		//Begin alternate method of using Enumerator()
		Response.Write("<BR>\r<STRONG>OR... </STRONG>")
		Response.Write(myEnum.item() + "=") 
		Response.Write(unescape(Request.Cookies(myEnum.item())))
		//End alternate method
		}
	else
		{
		Response.Write(Request.Cookies(myEnum.item()))
		}
	Response.Write("<BR>\r")
	}
Response.Write("<HR>\r")

Response.Write("<STRONG>Let's use a pair of JavaScript loops to ")
Response.Write("sort out the Cookies and Keys.</STRONG><BR>\r")
a=Request.Cookies.Count
for (b=1;b<=a;b++)
	{
	d = Request.Cookies(b).Count
	if (d)
		{
		for (c=1;c<=d;c++) 
			{ 
			Response.Write(Request.Cookies(b)(c) + " ") 
			}
		Response.Write("<BR>\r")
		}
	else
		{ 
		Response.Write(Request.Cookies(b) + "<BR>\r")
		}
	}
%> 
</HTML>

Click Here to run the script in a new window.

We do the same job three times. You decide for yourself which one you like best. In the first example you can plainly see from the script, I ask a VBScript function to find and break down all the cookies. I then output the data back to the waiting JavaScript variable.

var longCookie = forEachCookie()

What can I say? Don't lose track of your cookies and don't lose track of your Keys. Otherwise you might have to get a VBScript slim jim.

The new Enumerator() is okay. I use Enumerator two different ways; one way fails to capture the Key names, and the other way successfully captures the key names (but it needs unescape() to get the Key values to print normally).

In round three, I use a pair of for loops, but they're not as functional as for/in would be. (Notice the lack of Key names.)

Misc. Notes:

We didn't use new String( ) in this lesson. But remember, if you want to manipulate the cookie values inside JavaScript functions or methods, then you will need new String().

var firstCookie = new String(Request.Cookies("firstCookie") )
firstCookie = firstCookie.toUpperCase()

Also, if you were to use Client Side scripting to locate cookies, you would have noticed that there is an extra cookie. ASP keeps track of its sessions using a cookie.

上一篇:javascript asp教程第八课--request对象

栏    目:ASP编程

下一篇:后台管理登录篇-asp设计与数据库

本文标题:javascript asp教程第九课--cookies

本文地址:www.dtcnnet.com/asp/31384.html

广告投放 | 联系我们 | 版权申明

重要申明:本站所有的文章、图片、评论等,均由网友发表或上传并维护或收集自网络,属个人行为,与本站立场无关。

如果侵犯了您的权利,请与我们联系,我们将在24小时内进行处理、任何非本站因素导致的法律后果,本站均不负任何责任。

联系QQ:584415406 | 邮箱:584415406#qq.com(#换成@)

Copyright © 2015-2020 小白站长网 版权所有 苏ICP备20040415号